2019 年 6 月大学英语四级考试真题(第 1 套).pdf

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1、 2019-06-CET4(第 1 套)-1 2019 年年 6 月大学英语四级考试真题月大学英语四级考试真题(第第 1 套套) Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a news report to your campus newspaper on a visit to a local farm organized by your Student Union. You should write at least 120 words but no mo

2、re than 180 words. _ _ _ _ _ Part II Listening Comprehension (25 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a q

3、uestion, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard. 1. A. He set a record by swimming to and from an is

4、land. B. He celebrated his ninth birthday on a small island. C. He visited a prison located on a faraway island. D. He swam around an island near San Francisco. 2. A. He doubled the reward. B. He cheered him on all the way. C. He set him an example. D. He had the event covered on TV . Questions 3 an

5、d 4 are based on the news report you have just heard. 3. A. To end the one-child policy. B. To encourage late marriage. C. To increase working efficiency. D. To give people more time to travel. 4. A. They will not be welcomed by young people. B. They will help to popularize early marriage. C. They w

6、ill boost Chinas economic growth. D. They will not come into immediate effect. Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard. 5. A. Cleaning service in great demand all over the world. B. Two ladies giving up well-paid jobs to do cleaning. C. A new company to clean up the mess af

7、ter parties. D. Cleaners gainfully employed at nights and weekends. 6. A. It takes a lot of time to prepare. B. It leaves the house in a mess. C. It makes party goers exhausted. D. It creates noise and misconduct. 7. A. Hire an Australian lawyer. B. Visit the U.S. and Canada. C. Settle a legal dispu

8、te. D. Expand their business. 2019-06-CET4(第 1 套)-2 Section B Conversation Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, yo

9、u must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 8. A. He had a driving lesson. B. He got his drivers license.

10、 C. He took the drivers theory exam. D. He passed the drivers road test. 9. A. He was not well prepared. B. He did not get to the exam in time. C. He was not used to the test format. D. He did not follow the test procedure. 10. A. They are tough. B. They are costly. C. They are helpful. D. They are

11、too short. 11. A. Pass his road test the first time. B. Test-drive a few times on highways. C. Find an experienced driving instructor. D. Earn enough money for driving lessons. Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 12. A. Where the woman studies. B. The acceptance rat

12、e at Leeds. C. Leeds tuition for international students. D. How to apply for studies at a university. 13. A. Apply to an American university. B. Do research on higher education. C. Perform in a famous musical. D. Pursue postgraduate studies. 14. A. His favorable recommendations. B. His outstanding m

13、usical talent. C. His academic excellence. D. His unique experience. 15. A. Do a masters degree. B. Settle down in England. C. Travel widely. D. Teach overseas. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Bot

14、h the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage

15、 you have just heard. 16. A. They help farmers keep diseases in check. B. Many species remain unknown to scientists. C. Only a few species cause trouble to humans. D. They live in incredibly well-organized colonies. 17. A. They are larger than many other species. B. They can cause damage to peoples

16、homes. C. They can survive a long time without water. D. They like to form colonies in electrical units. 18. A. Deny them access to any food. B. Keep doors and windows shut. C. Destroy their colonies close by. D. Refrain from eating sugary food. Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have j

17、ust heard. 19. A. The function of the human immune system. B. The cause of various auto-immune diseases. 2019-06-CET4(第 1 套)-3 C. The viruses that may infect the human immune system. D. The change in peoples immune system as they get older. 20. A. Report their illnesses. B. Offer blood samples. C. A

18、ct as research assistants. D. Help to interview patients. 21. A. Strengthening peoples immunity to infection. B. Better understanding patients immune system. C. Helping improve old peoples health conditions. D. Further reducing old patients medical expenses. Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passa

19、ge you have just heard. 22. A. His students had trouble getting on with each other. B. A lot of kids stayed at school to do their homework. C. His students were struggling to follow his lessons. D. A group of kids were playing chess after school. 23. A. Visit a chess team in Nashville. B. Join the s

20、chools chess team. C. Participate in a national chess competition. D. Receive training for a chess competition. 24. A. Most of them come from low-income families. B. Many have become national chess champions. C. A couple of them have got involved in crimes. D. Many became chess coaches after graduat

21、ion. 25. A. Actions speak louder than words. B. Think twice before taking action. C. Translate their words into action. D. Take action before it gets too late. Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to s

22、elect one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line t

23、hrough the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 26 to 35 are based on the following passage. The center of American automobile innovation has in the past decade moved 2,000 miles away. It has 26 from Detroit to Silicon Valley, where self-driving vehicles are

24、 coming to life. In a 27 to take production back to Detroit, Michigan lawmakers have introduced 28 that could make their state the best place in the country, if not the world, to develop self-driving vehicles and put them on the road. “Michigans 29 in auto research and development is under attack fr

25、om several states and countries which desire to 30 our leadership in transportation. We cant let that happen,” says Senator Mike Kowall, the lead 31 of four bills recently introduced. If all four bills pass as written, they would 32 a substantial update of Michigans 2013 law that allowed the testing

26、 of self-driving vehicles in limited conditions. Manufacturers would have nearly total freedom to test their self-driving technology on public roads. They would be allowed to send groups of self-driving cars on cross-state road trips, and even setup on-demand 33 of self-driving cars, like the one Ge

27、neral Motors and Lyft are building. 2019-06-CET4(第 1 套)-4 Lawmakers in Michigan clearly want to make the state ready for the commercial application of self -driving technology. In 34 , California, home of Silicon Valley, recently proposed far more 35 rules that would require human drivers be ready t

28、o take the wheel, and ban commercial use of self-driving technology. Section B Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs Identify the paragraph from which the information is deri

29、ved. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2. How Work Will Change When Most of Us Live to 100 A) Today in the United States there are 72,000 centenarians (百岁老人). Worldwide, probably

30、450,000. If current trends continue, then by 2050 there will be more than a million in the US alone. According to the work of Professor James Vaupel and his co-researchers, 50% of babies born in the US in 2007 have a life expectancy of 104 or more. Broadly the same holds for the UK, Germany, France,

31、 Italy and Canada, and for Japan 50% of 2007 babies can expect to live to 107. B) Understandably, there are concerns about what this means for public finances given the associated health and pension challenges. These challenges are real, and society urgently needs to address them. But it is also imp

32、ortant to look at the wider picture of what happens when so many people live for 100 years. It is a mistake to simply equate longevity (长寿) with issues of old age. Longer lives have implications for all of life, not just the end of it. C) Our view is that if many people are living for longer, and ar

33、e healthier for longer, then this will result in an inevitable redesign of work and life. When people live longer, they are not only older for longer, but also younger for longer. There is some truth in the saying that “70 is the new 60” or “40 the new 30.” If you age more slowly over a longer time

34、period, then you are in some sense younger for longer. D) But the changes go further than that. Take, for instance, the age at which people make commitments such as buying a house, getting married, having children, or starting a career; These are all fundamental commitments that are now occurring la

35、ter in life. In 1962, 50%of Americans were married by age 21. By 2014, that milestone (里程碑) had shifted to age 29. E) While there are numerous factors behind these shifts, one factor is surely a growing realization for the young that they are going to live longer. Options are more valuable the longe

36、r they can be held. So if you believe you will live longer, then options become more valuable, and early commitment becomes less attractive. The result is that the commitments that previously characterized the A. bid I. replace B. contrast J. represent C. deputy K. restrictive D. dominance L. reward

37、 E. fleets M. significant F. knots N. sponsor G. legislation O. transmitted H. migrated 2019-06-CET4(第 1 套)-5 beginning of adulthood are now being delayed, and new patterns of behavior and a new stage of life are emerging for those in their twenties. F) Longevity also pushes back the age of retireme

38、nt, and not only for financial reasons. Yes, unless people are prepared to save a lot more, our calculations suggest that if you are now in your mid-40s, then you are likely to work until your early 70s; and if you are in your early20s, there is a real chance you will need to work until your late 70

39、s or possibly even into your80s. But even if people are able to economically support a retirement at 65, over thirty years of potential inactivity is harmful to cognitive (认知的) and emotional vitality. Many people may simply not want to do it. G) And yet that does not mean that simply extending our c

40、areers is appealing. Just lengthening that second stage of full-time work may secure the financial assets needed for a100-year life, but such persistent work will inevitably exhaust precious in tangible assets such as productive skills, vitality, happiness, and friendship. H) The same is true for ed

41、ucation. It is impossible that a single shot of education, administered in childhood and early adulthood, will be able to support a sustained, 60-yearcareer. If you factor in the projected rates of technological change, either your skills will become unnecessary, or your industry outdated. That mean

42、s that everyone will, at some point in their life, have to make a number of major reinvestments in their skills. I) It seems likely, then that the traditional three-stage life will evolve into multiple stages containing two, three, or even more different careers. Each of these stages could potential

43、ly be different. In one the focus could be on building financial success and personal achievement, in another on creating a better work/life balance, still another on exploring and understanding options more fully, or becoming an independent producer, yet another on making a social contribution. The

44、se stages will span sectors, take people to different cities, and provide a foundation for building a wide variety of skills. J) Transitions between stages could be marked with sabbaticals (休假) as people find time to rest and recharge their health, re-invest in their relationships, or improve their

45、skills. At times, these breaks and transitions will be self-determined, at others they will be forced as existing roles, firms, or industries cease to exist. K) A multi-stage life will have profound changes not just in how you manage your career, but also in your approach to life. An increasingly important skill will be your ability to deal with change and even welcome it.

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